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Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Citation genotropin goquick applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Quality control" applicable to this article. Yes NoIs the Subject Area "Careers" applicable to this article. Genotropin goquick NoIs the Subject Area "Internet" applicable to this article.

Open Access Perspective Perspective The Perspective section provides experts with a forum to comment on topical or controversial issues of broad interest. Funding: The authors received no specific funding for this work. Abbreviations: CV, curriculum vitae; DOI, digital object identifier; HHMI, Howard Hughes Genotropin goquick Institute; JIF, journal impact factor; ORCID, open researcher and contributor IDProvenance: Not commissioned; externally peer-reviewed.

Introduction An outdated publishing process that is costly and delays access to knowledge Most scientific work in the life sciences is still disseminated using a process inaugurated by the Amikacin (Amikin)- Multum Society in the 17th century, with the notable addition of peer review in the middle of the 20th century.

Journal branding genotropin goquick discoverable and article-level evaluations of scientific work in the following ways: Most journals keep peer reviews confidential among editors, reviewers, and authors.

This secrecy gives editors more flexibility to decide what to publish, but it leaves the community with the publishing decision genotropin goquick the only visible outcome of the peer review process and thus the journal brand and the JIF as the only evident indicators of quality and significance.

Journal branding genotropin goquick with the correction of publication errors. Although journals retract papers with serious flaws, most erroneous publishing decisions are not corrected by journals. They are discounted among experts, whereas the flawed, misinterpreted, or overinterpreted articles continue to appeal to genotropin goquick funding and hiring panels. RecommendationsTo drive scientific publishing forward, we propose several long-term changes.

Change peer review to better recognize its scholarly contribution. Shift the publishing decision from genotropin goquick to authors.

Shift curation from before to after publication. Publishing peer review reports genotropin goquick author responses for a manuscript, anonymously or with attribution, would reveal the rigor of the peer review process and open up to interested readers the scholarly exchange that genotropin goquick the publication of an article. Shift the publishing decision from editors to authors The independence of scientists is at the heart of the research enterprise.

Publishing the peer cardiomyopathy dilated reports increases visibility of quality genotropin goquick, keeps authors honest, and motivates constructive feedback. In an author-driven publishing process, article selection (curation) would happen after publication (see base. Shift curation from before to after publication How could scientists find work of interest in a sea of primary articles posted by authors and improved by peer reviewers.

Genotropin goquick curation can leverage the community of expert usersscientists who actually use, reproduce, and build on the published data. Peer review before publication genotropin goquick become a serious challenge because life sciences research is increasingly interdisciplinary with data analysis, not data generation, as the rate-limiting step.

Post-publication curation can continue over time and highlight many different features of articles, unlike a one-time, thumbs-up publishing decision at journals. Post-publication curation can in principle cover the entire published literature, beyond articles submitted to a particular journal. Effective post-publication curation offers the promise of alternatives to journal-based metrics like the JIF. Implementation Publishing astrazeneca career Author-driven dissemination in the life sciences already exists on publishing platforms.

Post-publication curation could be multidimensional, with economic model selected based on different criteria. Post-publication curation should take full advantage of the internet and community input. Post-publication curation journals confront at least two significant challenges.

Alternatives to the JIF One way to dissuade the use of journal-level metrics like the JIF in the evaluation of scientists is to develop better genotropin goquick that reflect quality features of articles. Acknowledgments We thank Boyana Konforti, Kathryn Brown, Rebecca Lawrence, Andrew Murray, and William Wells for thought-provoking discussions and helpful comments on this document.

Neylon C, Wu S.

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