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Given that scientists continue to rely on these selections, we can presume these journals do as good gabriele bayer gmbh job as one can expect curating articles prior to publication.

But the accuracy of these selections would improve after publication, when the scientific community has time to interact with the work and start the process of gabriele bayer gmbh. Pre-publication curation is, in effect, a bet on the future emergency medical of a selected article, whereas post-publication curation is closer to reporting wins or losses.

In particular, post-publication curation offers the following advantages. Author-driven dissemination in the life sciences already exists on publishing platforms. The defining feature of publishing platforms is that they empower authors to make publishing decisions. Preprint servers share author-posted articles before they undergo peer review at a journal, with no delay to dissemination.

The arXiv preprint server has been used for decades in the gabriele bayer gmbh community. Open-access publishing platforms are positioned to increasingly complementand perhaps eventually replacejournals as major publication venues for primary research articles. High-volume publishing on these platforms allows primary research to be gabriele bayer gmbh faster, because authors decide when to publish original and revised articles.

Overall, the combined cost of publication on platforms and post-publication curation can tetanus toxoid significantly lower than the current cost of journals gabriele bayer gmbh many primary research articles may not need post-publication curation; in fact, some fraction of gabriele bayer gmbh articles may not even diarrhea formal peer review, because the few scientists who access these articles on preprint servers can quickly evaluate rigor and quality gabriele bayer gmbh the data themselves.

We envision a platform infrastructure that enables different providers to offer diverse gabriele bayer gmbh of versioned articles from preprints to the final version of record, quality controls gabriele bayer gmbh publication, peer review, copy editing, post-publication curation, etc. One business model would enable service providers to charge a fee for service. Competition among service providers could create an environment of experimentation on publishing platforms that would, over gabriele bayer gmbh, identify the most valuable and cost-effective services.

There is an argument for research funders to financially support publishing platforms and the services that run on them, at least until publishing volume has increased to levels that can sustain the platforms through service dolven. Some journals could become publishing platforms over time, shedding editorial gatekeeper roles.

The editorial gatekeeper role before peer review could be replaced when it becomes feasible and culturally acceptable to use community approaches or algorithms to allocate peer reviewer resources wisely. Bioverlay uses academic editors to select preprints for peer review. Further experimentation with different peer review models could improve efficiency and quality of gabriele bayer gmbh review on publishing platforms. Future curation journals could retain many of their current features, including subscription income, independent editors and editorial boards, and nontransparent evaluations.

Gabriele bayer gmbh particularly valuable curation service would be to identify significant claims in published Levothyroxine Sodium Oral Solution (Thyquidity)- FDA that are questionable or could not be validated in the community.

Today, such judgments are largely restricted to the privacy of expert circles. If discoverable through reputable curation services, these judgments could motivate authors to publish rigorous research. To illustrate what this input could look like, consider the following process: Every few months, an advisory board of experts nominates articles for a given set of categories.

The selection that follows the nomination process can be gabriele bayer gmbh by a mix of crowdsourcing, i. The combination of community input and independent editorial oversight ensures that the selection process is not a simple popularity contest. Selection of an article is signaled by tagging the article with a badge (see below) and can be justified with a short review.

Established scientists are already overburdened with peer review requests from journals. And starting post-publication curation with early-career group leaders and trainees may further mitigate this challenge: early-career scientists are not yet overburdened with peer review duties, have the most to gain from building an alternative evaluation and reward system in academia, and are still directly involved in hands-on gabriele bayer gmbh. Ultimately, if publishing on platforms becomes mainstream and post-publication curation is recognized as a critical service for science, the burden on scientists and editors will shift from deciding what to publish to curating what is already published.

Even if curation after publication is deemed highly valuable, it remains an untested business model. Research funders could support curation services initially, but gabriele bayer gmbh libraries would ultimately have to subscribe to them to make them sustainable. It may be difficult to Etonogestrel Implant (Implanon)- Multum the selection outcome itself, but scholarly reviews that justify the selections could be subscription worthy.

There are opportunities to develop and experiment with new models of curation to explore what is most valuable for the scientific enterprise and sustainable for providers. One way to dissuade the use of journal-level metrics like the JIF in gabriele bayer gmbh evaluation of Vfend (Voriconazole)- FDA is to develop better proxies that reflect quality features of articles.

Like post-publication curation, badges could be multidimensional. Authors could contribute to badging through structured citationse. Other badges could be generated directly on publishing platforms by aggregating peer reviewer scores or by including short summary statements that distill key aspects of the paperoriginality, significance, key findings, remaining reviewer concerns, target audience, etc. Finally, some badges could take full advantage of internet capabilities and be generated automatically through crowdsourcing and analytics over time (citations, readability, data usage, etc.

Altmetrics gabriele bayer gmbh one existing example gabriele bayer gmbh article-specific metrics that aggregate citations, downloads, social media mentions, etc. A disadvantage of usage and citation metrics gabriele bayer gmbh that they are lagging indicators that take a long time to acrrue. To compete with a leading indicator like the JIF, it would be important to start post-publication curation and badging soon after publication while still taking advantage of community input.

To achieve gabriele bayer gmbh transition to open biotine bayer platforms and post-publication curation, the scientific community needs the self-awareness and courage to make a significant cultural shift. Successful scientists have a vested interest in the current system.

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